Once a ‘Congress State’, Assam in no mood to go back to old ruling party


Guwahati, Sep 24 (IANS) The general guide of Assam legislative issues today appears to be remarkably unique from what it was in the last part of the 1980s. Indeed, even in this period, the legislative issues of the state is marked by factors in view of numerous social personalities.

In any case, what grabs everybody’s eye is the consistent downfall of the Congress party’s domain in Assam, getting a striking change the political fortunes of a persuasive local party Asom Gana Parishad (AGP), and the brilliant ascent of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) to influence as an option to the once-overwhelming Congress or other provincial gatherings of the state.


The past idea – – with the ascent of a territorial party in Assam, the public gatherings have lost their importance – – had long appeared to have been refuted in the state.

Plus, has all the earmarks of being seriously frightening that policy driven issues that were fundamental to the district of Assam even in the pre-segment days like land, migration, personality, and language keep on possessing a significant lump of political talk and situation of the state even today.

Until this point, the legislative issues of the state basically rotates around issues like unrestrained unlawful relocation across the boundary.

The Congress party has been a predominant power in Assam for a large part of the three-and-half a very long time starting around 1980.

Indeed, even in the post-Congress time, the province of Assam actually could be depicted as one of the “Congress States”.

In the 2014 Lok Sabha decisions, nonetheless, the domain of the Congress party disintegrated and the party lost its grasp.

The political shift that started to happen in the state had four significant patterns.

1. The predominance of the Congress party was tested in a resonating way.

2. AGP, the main local party was seeing stagnation of sorts.

3. The All-India Joined Popularity based Front (AIUDF) had proceeded to attract a significant part of the profits a spellbound challenge.

4. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) was quickly picking up speed.

This large number of improvements showed a brief look at the various features of the political contest that arose in the state step by step, yet consistently.

From the time of 1985 to 2019, the state has seen the change of force from AGP to Congress and afterward to BJP – – this has prompted political preparation and extreme challenges in light of ethnic and strict contemplations.

The famous Assam Development of 1979-1985 figured out how to evoke an emotional response from the territorial yearnings of the Assamese public and empowered the development of Asom Gana Parishad (AGP), a local party, as an option in contrast to the Congress party in the state in 1985.

For almost twenty years, the AGP held possible influence over the electorate.

However, the AGP couldn’t underwrite for quite a while on the benefit it got by “joining individuals”.

Albeit the AGP arose as an option in contrast to the Indian Public Congress, the political stagnation of the party under then Boss Pastor Prafulla Kumar Mahanta marked the recovery of the Congress in the state in the last part of the 1990s.

The party then, at that point, figured out how to get the greater part in every one of the four Lok Sabha decisions (1998-2009) and furthermore in the gathering races for three back to back terms under the authority of late previous CM Tarun Gogoi.

The Congress party proceeded with its prevailing rule from that point forward till 2014 which marked the shriveling of Congress predominance and the ascent of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in Assam.

In the initial five regulative decisions in Assam, the patterns of constituent legislative issues were pretty much comparative.

The Congress party won 79.56 percent of the seats in the principal political decision held in 1952.

In the 1957 political decision, the Congress won 77.42 percent of all out seats against serious areas of strength for some presented by Praja Communist Coalition (PSP) and Socialist Faction of India (CPI); the outcomes changed from the primary political decision as the citizens acquired better comprehension as far as measuring the policy centered issues.

A sum of eight ideological groups challenged the Assam political decision in 1967; INC got 61.26 percent of gathering seats contrasted and 83.87 percent in 1962 and 77.425 percent in 1957.

In 1972, the fifth political decision to the Assam administrative gathering was held. Nine ideological groups challenged the political race. Four key various patterns were seen in the fifth gathering decisions.

In February 1978, the 6th get together political race in Assam was held. There was an extraordinary meaning of the 6th state gathering appointment of Assam in numerous viewpoints.

In that political decision, in excess of 938 up-and-comers challenged in 126 voting public. The really political powers in this political race were the Congress party, Congress (I), and the Janata Party. In this political decision, the Janata Party turned into the single biggest party by winning 63 seats while the INC could get 26 seats, and subsequently, the 1978 political decision in the state was a misfortune for INC.

During 1979-1985, an uncommon socio-political improvement occurred in Assam as the Assam Development (Against – Outsiders Disturbance). Under those conditions, the 1983 state regulative get together political race was boycotted by numerous political associations related with the development and challenged by Just INC (I) INC(S) and the left gatherings.

Without precedent for the political decision history of the express, the surveying rate was the least ever at 32.74 pe rcent.

In the 1983 political race, the Congress party emerged as the single biggest party getting 91 seats out of 110 gathering electorates.

The public authority was framed with Hiteswar Saikia as the Central Pastor.

After the six-drawn out Assam Fomentation and Assam Accord, the 1985 political decision was a defining moment in the political history of Assam.

Assam Accord was endorsed to excuse the recent Legislature of Assam. The political decision was reported quickly which prompted the development of a territorial party named Asom Gana Parishad by the heads of the development. In the political race for the state administrative gathering that was held in December 1985, nine ideological groups partook.

In the 1985 gathering political race, the INC was pushed to the subsequent position and the AGP arose as a main party. The AGP challenged on 105 seats and packed away 63 seats.

In that political decision, another significant advancement occurred and that was the ascent of Joined Minority Front of Assam (UMFA). As altogether solid provincial gatherings AGP and UMFA presented intense difficulties to the Congress party. Prafulla Kumar Mahanta accepted the charge as CM of the state.

In Assam, both the State Administrative Gathering political race and the Lok Sabha political decision were held at the same time in 1991. The lawfulness circumstance of the state became unmanageable during the later piece of AGP rule in Assam, and the state was under the President’s standard from November 1990 to June 1991.

In the 1991 political race, the significant improvement was the parted of AGP into two portions in particular AGP and NAGP. Both the groups challenged the political race autonomously, INC exploited this and caught a large portion of the gathering seats. In this political race, AGP and NAGP could hold just 19 and 5 seats; though INC got 67 seats among the 126 voting public seats. Hiteswar Saikia accepted the charge as Boss Pastor.

In the 1996 political race, AGP and NAGP rejoined and this reinforced the local ideological group of the state for the subsequent time. The Congress had confronted a difficult stretch over issues like debasement, uprisings, and unpredictable utilization of state hardware like police, and military for stifling different enemy of state exercises.

AGP challenged in 96 voting public and got 59 seats in the political decision while Congress (I) challenged in every one of the 122 seats however won just 34 seats. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) challenged 117 seats and won with just four seats.

Without precedent for the 2001 get together appointment of Assam, Asom Gana Parishad and BJP had a coalition. The AGP and BJP partnership introduced an extreme condition for Congress, and the party interestingly felt the requirement for electing change with the minor gatherings.

INC won 71 seats, though the AGP-BJP union got 28 seats by and large in 123 voting public. Tarun Gogoi assumed responsibility as Boss Priest.

In the 2006 political decision, INC challenged in 120 seats, and won 53; AGP challenged in 100 seats and won 24; both BJP and AIUDF won 10 seats each. Congress battled the 2006 political decision on the issue of improvement and harmony.

Further, in the 2011 state get together political decision, Congress challenged in 126 electorates and won 78 seats, trailed by AIUDF, which got 18 seats out of 78 voting demographics it challenged. Be that as it may, Congress could win in the 2011 political race in light of an absence of feasible resistance. Boss Priest Tarun Gogoi oversaw three back to back terms as CM of the express, the party dealt with a simple triumph.

The 2016 gathering political decision had seen an expansion in the electorate quantities of around 18 lakh from the 2011 political race. BJP, which challenged in 89 seats interestingly, got 60 and turned into the biggest party in Assam.

The Congress followed the accomplishment by getting 26 seats by challenging in 122 electorates.

In spite of rivalry, Congress could figure out how to hold power in the state for three successive terms up to 2016 yet neglected to take the different socio-policy centered issues into the correct course.

The public authority drove by the party turned out to be nearly non-useful towards the finish of the third term.

The BJP, notwithstanding, put forth critical attempt to prepare individuals from the grassroot levels and made productive partnerships with various potential socio-political powers of the state.

BJP’s endeavors in the state were additionally expanded when the Narendra Modi-drove government came to control in the Middle in 2014.

Then again, since freedom, Muslims in Assam have stayed a vote bank for the Congress. Notwithstanding, an enormous segment of them, particularly the worker Muslims were progressively energizing behind the AIUDF.

Subsequently, the Muslim vote bank of the Congress party had been contracting bit by bit.

Subsequently, since the 2006 gathering decisions, the Congress party embraced a delicate Hindutva way to deal with captivate the non-muslim citizens and gain benefits against